Are Herbal Supplements Putting Aesthetic Surgery Patients at Risk?

Report Warns of Effects From Bleeding to Drug Interactions

New York, NY (April 14, 2009) – For many people, the words "natural" or "herbal"  are virtually synonymous with safety and purity.  Products available over-the-counter without a doctor's prescription are often mistakenly believed to be free of significant risks.  A report in the March/April issue of Aesthetic Surgery Journal warns that more than 40% of plastic surgery patients use herbal supplements in the two weeks prior to undergoing surgery.  And, while some herbal supplements may provide benefits during recovery, commonly used herbal medications such as ginkgo biloba, ginseng, garlic, echinacea, valerian root and others can have deleterious effects when combined with surgery. 

When undergoing plastic surgery, the most significant and potentially dangerous effects of alternative medicines occur during the operative and immediate postoperative periods.  “In considering the dizzying array of supplements available, the main concerns of the plastic surgeon are interaction with other medications, cardiovascular effects, alteration of coagulation [bleeding] and sedative effects,” says David J. Rowe, MD, lead author and Assistant Professor of Plastic Surgery at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Lyndhurst, OH.

Unfortunately, as many as 70% of patients may not disclose the use of alternative medications to their surgeon or conventional health care provider, sometimes because they feel these physicians have little knowledge or interest in naturopathic medicine, or  they feel physicians may disapprove of such treatments.  Some patients simply fail to recognize the relevance of supplement usage to their current medical or surgical care.  Patients need to be aware that full disclosure of all medications – both those that are prescribed and those that are obtained over-the-counter – is extremely important to their health and safety.  They should also understand that inconsistent and unregulated manufacturing standards and lack of regulation for many herbal supplements mean that quality and dosage may vary considerably among products.

“This article was written to help plastic surgeons and their patients identify potentially harmful herbal supplements, based on the most current scientific research,” says Dr. Rowe. “On the positive side, we also discuss how providing the correct supplements and nutrients after aesthetic surgery can be very therapeutic.”

 

The authors recommend that patients be provided with a comprehensive list of supplements that must be avoided in the perioperative period to minimize potential surgical complications. 

Herbal Medications to Avoid Within 2 Weeks of Surgery
Bleeding effects Drug interations
Gingko biloba Echinacea
Garlic Goldenseal
Ginseng Licorice
Fish oils (omega-3 fatty acids) St. John’s wort
Dong Quai Kava
Feverfew Valerian root
   
Cardiovascular Effects  Anesthetic effects
Ephedra (tachycardia, hypertension and palpitations) Valerian root
Garlic (hypotension)  St. John’s wort
  Kava
Other  
St. John’s wort and Dong Quai (photosensitivity)  
Ginseng (hypoglycemia)  

“Despite the fact that the dangerous side effects of some herbal supplements have been widely publicized, plastic surgeons still find that many patients do not fully appreciate the importance of discontinuing these treatments before surgery,”  says Alan Gold, MD, president of the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS).  “Physicians must have at least fundamental knowledge of the common herbal medications and their effects, and then be very proactive in discussing patients’ use of herbal supplements during the history, consultation and informed consent process.   Stopping certain herbal supplements prior to surgery is just as critical as stopping aspirin, ibuprofen and many other common drugs.”

About ASJ

Aesthetic Surgery Journal, owned by the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery and published by Elsevier Science, is a peer-reviewed international journal focusing on clinical and scientific developments in cosmetic surgery and cosmetic medicine. The Journal has subscribers in more than 80 countries. Besides its affiliation with ASAPS, the leading organization of board-certified plastic surgeons who specialize in aesthetic surgery, ASJ is also the official English-language journal of plastic surgery societies in Brazil, Israel, Mexico, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Costa Rica, Colombia, India and The Netherlands, and it is the official journal of the Rhinoplasty Society. ASJ's Editorial Board includes plastic surgeons and Interspecialty Editors representing anesthesiology, dermatology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology and clinical psychology. For information on the Journal, as well as subscriber and pay-per-view access to the Journal's full text and graphics, go to www.aestheticsurgeryjournal.com.

About ASAPS

The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, the leading organization of board-certified plastic surgeons specializing in cosmetic plastic surgery includes Active-Member plastic surgeons certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery or the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, as well as International Active Members who hold equivalent credentials in their own countries. For information, visit www.surgery.org.

About ASAPS
The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), is recognized as the world’s leading organization devoted entirely to aesthetic plastic surgery and cosmetic medicine of the face and body.  ASAPS is comprised of over 2,600 Plastic Surgeons; active members are certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery (USA) or by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and have extensive training in the complete spectrum of surgical and non-surgical aesthetic procedures. International active members are certified by equivalent boards of their respective countries. All members worldwide adhere to a strict Code of Ethics and must meet stringent membership requirements.

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